Faster, higher, further: The demands of competitive sport are growing relentlessly. Many athletes bow to the pressures of these expectations by turning to banned doping substances. Ever since the scandal involving Russian athletes who used prohibited substances in great numbers during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sotchi to enhance their performance, doping has moved well and truly to the forefront of public attention. Earlier still, a great stir was caused by the forfeiture of the Olympic gold medal awarded to the Jamaican 4×100-meter relay team during the summer games in Peking in 2008. More recently, numerous cases of doping have been uncovered in cycling and football.